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Monday, July 1, 2013

Personal Development Dyslexia




Welcome back to my summer of Personal development. Join me
every Monday for a new Topic having to do with homeschooling.  So far we
have discussed our Education Theory and Child Development and Creating Goals.
This week I wanted share some of my tips with working with a dyslexic child.
We have surpassed much of our struggle and my daughter only has 2 more years
of school left to go. We still have much to learn for her to be able to function
out in the world but we are well on our way.

Tips for teaching a Dyslexic child

* Keep a schedule - My dyslexic daughter was often upset and confused
when I didn't have a plan for her or if I changed her day around. Having
a schedule and keeping it visible to her was so valuable. It kept her from
many melts downs. As long as she knew what the next transition was she was
ok. I would even create lists when we would have a busy day away from the
house so she could see what was next and cross it off her list. In a few days she
will be 16 and has learned to now manage her own time. She still likes to know
what is happening but we no longer need the check off lists.



* When learning a new topic show them in as many ways as you can and over
the course of the week. Be intentional about hitting all the learning styles tactile,
auditory, and visual.  Repetition is the key to success for them. You might feel like
you have already learned this topic over and over again but sometimes it takes
that 256th time to get it. Be patient encourage don't discourage.



*Try not to teach two opposite concepts together because they will often reverse the
two theory's. In particular in math often you will learn say Odd and Even numbers.
Learn what Even numbers are first and when they have those then add Odd. Don't
try teaching odd and even together like most textbooks try to do. Your child will
become frustrated with the reversal of the concept. (at least mine did)


* Remind them how smart they really are... Don't tell them they are behind
or discourage them in anyway. Use words like you are such a good reader or
your getting better at this every day. If they feel positive about learning they
will be encouraged to learn.


* Reduce the clutter. When Princess was little she would have to clean up our
kitchen before she could work. Clutter often causes stress. Keep you school areas
cleaned and organized before you work. To this day her room is always neat as
a pin. The clutter just moves to her mind I think. She has to clean it out.


* Keep an outline- When doing school keep an outline for you child for
each topic so they are able to follow along easily. They can write their own
notes on it and keep it for later when they have an assignment to work on
on their own.


*When doing independent work have your child write out if at all possible
or keep an assignment list on the computer that they can type out. This
way they have a visual of what assignments are expected of them alone.
In the younger grades it may be better for you to create the list but work
toward them learning how to do their own as time goes. Maybe only
have them write out their math assignment or literature. Start small.



*When demonstrating examples to the child use various colors of
markers. This visual helps them break down the concept in their head
into a manageable way.


* Introduce new words slowly and use a lot of repetition. Don't have a
child read something on their grade level but  maybe way above their
Reading level. You want them to be encourage to read and have a greater
confidence about it. So go slow.


* For spelling teach the spelling words and teach your child to proof read
when they write. Usually a dyslexic child can pick out their error. Something
that has really helped Princess is the Spelling Ace. You type in how you
think a word is spelled and it gives you the correct spelling. She then
copies the correct spelling to her paper. This has been valuable in helping
her spell words correctly. Eventually she doesn't need the ACE for those words
because of the repetition of the activity she now can spell them.


* Some dyslexics have an easy time with math but 90% have issues.
Make sure you give your math students the proper terminology. My daughter
had a math journal with all of her math concepts in it. She has been creating
this for years and refers to it often. Its her own math guide written by her at
her finger tips. Usually she knows right were to look in her book for that
concept . A table of contents helps as well.


*Calculator or no calculator.... I often allow my daughter to use a
calculator. We will use to check her work and on occasion to complete
an assignment. I do want her to have the basics but if she knows how to
find the answer that can be just as valuable.


* Use your colors in math as well. Use red for ones, blue for tens.
Always use the same colors.


* One more tip in math. Have your child use Graph paper. If they write
large get the larger paper. This will help them to line up their work.
When trying to solve math equations.



* At times allow your child to verbalize it. Often times a child knows more when
They can talk out loud about something. Give them a chance to show you
what they knows.


*handwriting make sure they know the importance of it. Break it down into
manageable tasks for your child's level. Give many rewards for hard work.


* Please remember to look at your whole child. Focus on what they are good
at and not on their learning disability. Remember to not talk about them
when they are in ear shot.


Warm Blessings,

Nikki


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